Japanese Constitutional and International Politics, 1890-1941
|1890||Meiji Constitution and Imperial Rescript on Education promulgated.|
|1894||Great Britain agrees to relinquish extraterritoriality by 1899|
|1894-5||Sino-Japanese War: Japan wins indemnity, Formosa.|
|1896||Triple Intervention (Germany, France, Russia) forces return of Liaotung (Kwantung) Peninsula to China.
Complete Civil Code goes into effect.
|1898||Okuma-Itagaki Cabinet formed, falls almost immediately.|
|1900||Ito Hirobumi becomes president of Seiyukai party.
Japanese population at 44.8M. Boxer Rebellion.
|1903||Ito passes Seiyukai leadership to Saionji Kinmochi.|
|1904||Russo-Japanese War begins with assault on Port Arthur.|
|1905||Japan wins, gaining Liaotung Peninsula and influence in Korea, but no indemnity.
Taft-Katsura agreement over Korea and Philippines.
|1907||San Francisco School Segregation Incident|
|1909||Assassination of Ito Hirobumi in Korea.|
|1910||Annexation of Korea into the Japanese Empire.|
|1911||Great Treason Incident.
Special Higher Police established.
Seito (“Bluestockings”) magazine begins publication.
|1912||Meiji Emperor dies.
General Nogi Maresuke and his wife commit suicide (junshi).
Taisho era begins
|1913||Dispute over military expenditures sparks Diet-government clash, including popular demonstrations, called the Taisho Crisis; government backs down.
California prohibits non-citizens from owning land.
|1914||World War I begins
Japan seizes German possessions in South Pacific and Northern China.
|1917||Lansing-Ishii Agreement confirms Japan’s interests in China.|
|1918||World War I ends: Japan a Victor at the Versailles Conference.
Rice Riots bring down Terauchi cabinet.
Hara Kei (Takashi) forms first party cabinet.
|1920||California prohibits leasing of land by Japanese immigrants.|
|1921||Washington Conference sets naval balance in Pacific (5-5-3)
Four Power Treaty replaces Anglo-Japanese alliance.
Hara Kei (Takashi) assassinated.
Yamagata Aritomo dies.
|1923||Great Kanto Earthquake kills 130,000, levels Tokyo.|
|1924||Matsukata Masayoshi, last genro dies.
Alien Exclusion Act enacted in USA; Peru follows suit.
Kellogg-Briand Pact renouncing war signed by Japan.
|1926||Taisho Emperor dies; Showa Era begins.
|1929||Great Depression begins in USA. Silk market collapses.|
|1930||London Naval Conference. Smoot-Hawley tariffs in effect in USA.|
|1931||Mukden Incident and seizure of Manchuria.|
|1932||Inukai Tsuyoshi assassinated in 5-15 incident.|
|1933||Japan withdraws from League of Nations.|
|1936||February 26 uprising.
Japan joins Anti-Comintern Pact.
|1937||Marco Polo Bridge Incident sparks China War.|
Japanese population at 73.1M.
Japanese seize Indo-China; USA initiates oil embargo.
© 2002 — Jonathan Dresner