Hist 101: World History to 1500
|Hist 101, sections 01 and 02
RH 301, MWF 12 and 2
Prof. Jonathan Dresner
“[H]istory, in matter of fact, is information about human social organization, which itself is identical with world civilization. It deals with such conditions affecting the nature of civilization as, for instance, savagery and sociability, group feelings, and the different ways by which one group of human beings achieves superiority over another. It deals with royal authority and … with the different kinds of gainful occupations and ways of making a living, with the sciences and crafts that human beings pursue as part of their activities and efforts, and with all the other institutions that originate in civilization through its very nature.” — Ibn Khaldun of Tunis (d. 1406) The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History, (trans. Franz Rosenthal, Routledge 1958) 1:71, cited in Civilization (11e), 217
Tool-making. Fire. The wheel. Agricultural cultivation. Priests and Kings. Trade, money. Writing! Copper, Bronze, Iron. Paper and parchment. Philosophy and religion. Trade routes and treaties. Families and languages. Conquest and assimilation. Disease, slavery, famine. Knights, warriors, barbarians. Empires, and lawyers. In other words, human civilization.
History is the study of humanity and change over time. In this class we’ll have lots of both: the whole world over about 4000 years (that’s about 2 years per minute of class time), from our pre-writing roots through some of the great civilizations the world has produced. Though this class ends five hundred years ago, many of the ideas will be familiar: Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism. Some will seem obscure — Zoroastrianism, Legalism, Jain, animism — but their legacies endure.
This face-to-face class (with online supplements) will examine this history through many lenses: political, economic, social, cultural, personal. The textbook will provide the basic survey of the history. There will be additional readings of primary sources, the original documents used by historians. Lectures and discussions will guide students through the readings and assignments, introduce multiple perspectives, and addresss the challenges and pleasures of Doing History.
History is about real people, diverse cultures, interesting theories, strongly held belief systems, complex situations, and dramatic actions. This information may be disturbing. Such is the nature of historical study.
In the event of a disparity between the original syllabus and online schedule, the online schedule will be correct. I reserve the right to change readings, test dates, due dates, grade weights and assignments as necessary throughout the semester.
This is a general education course, and no course which covers so much time and space could be anything but general. Nonetheless, students should master many specific historical, cultural and sociological facts related to world history to 1500, as well as aspects of historical and social theory. Reading and writing will be very important skills developed in this course, as is respect for the cultures of the world throughout time.
In addition to the historical and cultural content, students will demonstrate increasing mastery of critical reading of primary and secondary sources in writing and discussion. “Critical” does not mean “attacking” but “analytical”: putting material in historical and cultural context, drawing appropriate inferences and deductions from the evidence of the text, and raising relevant questions for futher inquiry.
Within the General Education requirements, this course counts towards the Human Heritage requirement. This course is also an important part of the History majors.
Students who actively engage the course material and assignments will not only be gaining knowledge, but will also be developing important skills as articulated in the General Education goals, especially the “Human Heritage” skills:
- Demonstrate an appreciation for the range and diversity of humankind’s wisdom, values, ideas, beliefs, and reasoning.
- Demonstrate an understanding of human behavior, the human condition, and human institutions in the context of historical, literary, or philosophical inquiry.
- Demonstrate recognition of the inter-relatedness of the past, present, and future
Plagiarism will not be tolerated in this course. Plagiarism is the use of the words or ideas of another person without proper acknowledgement. Plagiarism is intellectual theft; in an educational setting it is particularly repugnant. Plagiarism in my courses will be punished. It’s simple: Anytime you copy words into your own work, you must clearly mark them and acknowledge the source of those words. Anytime you use someone else’s ideas, you must admit it. There are three options: put it in quotation marks and footnote; paraphrase and footnote; or be original. If you have any questions or any concerns about citation format or necessity, ask someone who knows what they’re doing.
Other forms of academic misconduct will not be tolerated either, including the use of unauthorized aid on tests, failing to write one’s own papers, using papers for more than one course without permission. None of this precludes group study and discussion: those are actually really good ideas. Academic misconduct will result in zero credit for an assignment, and may result in failure of the course or other penalties.
For more detail, see the relevant sections of the University Catalog: http://www.pittstate.edu/audiences/current-students/policies/rights-and-responsibilities/academic-misconduct.dot
Students are expected to behave respectfully towards their peers and instructor. Disruptive behavior, including failing to turn off cell phones during class, will result in penalties and possibly removal from the classroom. This does not mean that there can’t be lively discussions and disagreements, but personal attacks, interruptions, excessive volume, threatening gestures or words, and failure to give others a chance to speak and be heard are not acceptable. This applies online as well as in class.
Technology in the classroom
The use of laptop computers, tablet computers, phones and other devices is not permitted. While there are legitimate educational uses for these tools, most research on classroom use shows that they are more distracting than enabling, especially to fellow students. Students using computers or cell phones without permission will be asked to leave and will not get credit for attendance. Special exceptions may be made by the instructor only for disability accomodation and official note-takers.
The use of recording equipment, audio, photographic or video, or speech-to-text transcription software is not permitted. Arrangements may be made for students with documented disabilities. Students violating this restriction will be asked to leave and may face grade penalties and disciplinary action.
You should check your email and Canvas mail at least daily: if you don’t use a university email account regularly, set it to forward mail to your preferred address. I check email regularly: you should hear back from me within 24 hours. Assignments will be submitted through Canvas unless otherwise noted.
Advising is designed to help students complete the requirements of the University and their individual majors. Students should consult with their advisor at least once a semester to decide on courses, check progress towards graduation, and discuss career options and other educational opportunities. Advising is a shared responsibility, but students have final responsibility for meeting degree requirements.
Any student with a documented disability who would like to request accommodations should contact the instructor as early in the semester as possible. For more information, contact the Center for Student Accomodations (235-4309, email@example.com).
For official PSU policies and information about campus resources, notifications, attendance, financial aid, expectations, grades, etc., see: http://www.pittstate.edu/office/registrar/syllabus-supplement.dot (Fall 2013)
All schedules, assignments, and policies in the syllabus are subject to change. Check Canvas, which will have the most current, accurate information, as well as copies of course handouts.
Reading assignments should be done before class on the day indicated. I strongly recommend that you read and think about the study questions in the textbook as preparation for class. Also pay attention to the terms listed in the Study Guide: those will be the terms from which tests and pop quizzes are drawn. All other assigned readings, either books or web-based, also should be read in full (unless otherwise indicated in the syllabus) before class on the assigned date.
Textbook: Peter Stearns, Michael Adas, Stuart B. Schwartz, Marc Jason Gilbert, World Civilizations: The Global Experience, Volume 1 (6th Edition), 2010, Pearson/Longman, ISBN 978-0205659586
Homework: Readings and Videos
Primary sources are what historians call documents from the time period being studied; these are the raw materials that historians use to answer questions and build our understanding of the worlds of the past. There are eight primary source reading homeworks, as well as one art homework. For each one, students will do a short summary (200-500 words) and reaction (100+ words), which will be a starting place for our class discussions. There will also be two (2) video summary/response assignments. Assignments will be submitted through Canvas. Primary source homeworks will be due at midnight before class; video homeworks will be due at midnight after class. See Canvas for details.
Grading Standard: Grades for homework are based primarily on timely completion. A small portion of the grade will be based on the quality and depth of the answers, depending on the assignment.
Lectures and Discussion
My lectures do not summarize or duplicate or replace the textbook. The lectures and textbook are intended to supplement each other: you are responsible for learning from both. Some of my lectures will expand on the history presented in the textbook, adding detail and alternative understandings. Some of my lectures will be about historical practice and theory as it applies to specific topics or assignments. Some of my lectures will address people, places and situations which aren’t in the textbook at all. I will sometimes correct or disagree with the textbook or other historians. Historians do that.
Powerpoint slides and other resources will be made available through Canvas. Slides will be posted after I have used them in class; other resources may be available prior to class, as support for the readings. Powerpoint slides are an aid to a speaker: they do not replace attendance, notetaking, or paying attention.
The essence of scholarship is constructive engagement; the best learning comes from doing. It is very important that everyone keep up with the readings, and come to class prepared to think and talk and question and listen. I expect the lectures and classroom discussions to be reflected in your test and essay answers; if you’re not paying attention, participating and taking notes, you will almost certainly not do as well, gradewise. Research on student learning shows that handwritten notes greatly improve information retention.
Tests and Pop Quizzes
There will be three short essay tests based on lists of terms — names, events, concepts, sources — which will be distributed as a study guide. I have scheduled a day before each test for catching up, discussion, practice or questions. See the study guide for more detail.
Grading Standard: Grades are based on the completeness and historical awareness of the answers. Since the study guide includes all the terms which may appear on the test, student will be expected to know not only the basic factual background, but to have given some thought to historical context and importance. For more detail, see the study guide.
Final Exam Essays
The final exam will cover all readings, resources and lectures of the course. It will be consist of two take-home essay assignments. Questions and detailed instructions will be distributed well before the final exam due date.
Grading Standard: The grade is based primarily on the strength of your argument as an answer to the question: thesis, evidence (completeness and handling), logic. Be careful to address all parts of the question: when asked to pick between two choices, for example, it’s not enough to say what the positive argument for your side is without discussing the possible arguments for the other side. Clarity is crucial; structure is essential to a clear and effective argument. I am expecting a real essay, with introductions, thesis, paragraphs, conclusions, etc. Don’t assume that “an answer” will be easily found in one section of one book. These questions require broad knowledge and analytical thinking.
Professionalism: Preparation, Attendance and Participation
Your professionalism grade will be based on attendance, on my evaluation of your preparation and participation in class, your ability to follow rules and instructions, and any other relevant factors.
This is not just a classroom: it is a work space, and you are adults. You are expected to be present and prepared for class not only physically but intellectually, and to carry out your assignments in a timely and careful fashion. You are responsible for keeping track of assignments, due dates, and announcements made through the course website.
Asking good questions is an important form of participation. Asking questions which can be easily answered by referencing the syllabus, course website or textbook is not.
Absences may be excused for unusual school-related events (not athletic practices), illness or family crises, but only if I am informed in advance (email/Canvas mail is preferable, so I have a record) or you have documentation (such as a doctor’s note). Unexcused absences will affect your grade. Failure to complete assignments, or consistently sloppy or incorrect work, will also affect your professionalism grade.
Pop quizzes may not be made up, even for excused absences. Tests may be made up if the absence is excused, but the make-up test must take place at the soonest possible opportunity. For all other assignments, late penalties will be assessed unless absences are excused and unforseen (i.e., if you have a school trip or event planned ahead of time, you don’t get to hand in assignments late). Final Exam Essays will be considered late and penalized if handed in after the submission deadline, and will not be accepted at all 24 hours after the submission deadline, except in extremely rare circumstances.
There may be days on which there will be a lecture or other assignment available online rather than an in-class lecture. Students are not required to come to class those days. Recorded lectures may also be used to make up a day lost to weather or instructor absence; these are also required.
Pop Quizzes and Other Assignments
On an irregular basis, there will be pop quizzes at the beginning of class. The quizzes will take the same form as the tests, on a smaller scale: I will give you some ID terms from the study guide list for the chapter of the textbook assigned for that day: pick one and write an explanation of what it is, historical context, and significance. Since the quizzes come before any lecture or discussion, I will be more lenient on evaluating significance, but you are expected to have done the reading before class on a regular basis. See the Study Guide for more details.
There will be assignments which do not fall into the above categories which will be considered part of the Pop Quiz grade. The first assignment is to find the student information form on the course website, complete it, and submit it through Canvas before the next class.
I will announce cultural and historical events for which extra credit may be earned, but it’s safe to assume that any musical or public academic event at PSU qualifies. Check the website for current listings. Visits to museums, art galleries, historical sites and other cultural institutions also qualify. If you know of an event or a cultural institution and would like to have it considered for extra credit, or announced to the class, let me know. Extra Credits are added to the professionalism score at the end of the semester. To get extra credit, attend or participate in the event listed, and write a short (under two pages, single-spaced) summary of the event and describe your reaction and what you learned from it.
I need at least one volunteer who will be taking good notes on my lectures to share them with me for students who need notetaking assistance. Preferably someone who types their notes and can provide the text quickly. Contact me after class or by email as soon as possible. This is not a paid position, but we do need someone responsible, reliable. And there is extra credit.
- Grades are generally calculated and recorded on a traditional 100-point scale. For some assignments, I use a 4-point scale to calculate grades, but it will be recorded as a 100-point scale value.
- The Canvas gradebook is only being used to allow you to keep track of assignments completed and graded. Do not assume that your course grade as determined by Canvas actually represents your current grade in this class. Ask me if you have questions about your grade that aren’t covered in the syllabus, assignments, or feedback.
- Assignment format, requirements and due dates will be included in the assignment instructions: read them carefully, and ask questions well in advance of the due date if there is anything you do not understand.
- Most assignments will either be submitted through Canvas or written and turned in during class. If hard copy (printed) is required, email will only be accepted as proof of completion in emergencies: the student is still responsible to get a printed copy to the instructor as soon as possible. For assignments which are to be turned in by email, I will send a confirmation email; If you have not gotten one in a reasonable amount of time (a day or so), it is your responsibility to confirm that your assignment was received.
- In the event of an excused absence on an assignment due date, the student is responsible for turning in the work no later than the next class, unless other arrangements have been made. Tests must be made up at the earliest possible opportunity.
- Unexcused late assignments, due to absence, technical problems, etc., will be penalized one-half grade level (5% on a 100-point scale) per class period late.
- Even very, very bad (or very late) work will get partial credit, which is a lot better than a zero (especially on a 100-point scale).
- I reserve the right to adjust assignment grade scales upwards (to students’ advantage) to reflect the performance of the class as a whole; I do not “curve” grades towards a target distribution, nor do I adjust grade scales downwards.
- Plagiarism or other violations of academic honesty will result in zero credit on that assignment and may result in an F or XF for the semester depending on circumstances.
|Pop Quizzes and other Assignments
|Final Essays (2)
Schedule of Readings and Assignments
- Instructional holidays and administrative deadlines are in italics.
- Tests and Assignment Deadlines are in Bold
- Links to document readings and assignment details are in Canvas.
- I reserve the right to change readings, test dates, due dates, grade weights and assignments as necessary throughout the semester
- WC is the textbook, World Civilizations: The Global Experience. There may be a pop quiz on any day that has a chapter as a reading assignment.
|Student Information Form Due
|WC, chap. 1 The Neolithic Revolution and the Birth of Civilization
|Last day to enroll or add without instructor permission.
Last day for online enrollment.
Tuition and fees must be paid by 3:30pm.
Last day for full tuition refund
WC, chap. 2 The Rise of Civilization in the Middle East and Africa
|Reading Homework: Hammurabi’s Code
|Last Day to drop without ‘W’
Reading Homework: Instructions of Ptah-Hotep
|Labor Day holiday
|Instructor Absent: Video Homework: From Jesus to Christ, part 1 (2 hours).
|Instructor Absent: Video Homework: From Jesus to Christ, part 2 (2 hours).
|WC, chap. 3 Asia’s First Civilizations: India and China
|WC, chap. 4 Unification and the Consolidation of Civilization in China
|Reading Homework: The Great Learning
|WC, chap. 5 Classical Civilizations in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East
|Reading Homework: Thucydides, The Funeral Oration of Pericles, 431 bce
|Reading Homework: Thucydides, The Melian Dialogue, 431 bce.
|Last day for half tuition refund
|WC, chap. 6 Religious Rivalries and India’s Golden Age
|Reading Homework: Buddha’s First Sermon, Vow of the Bodhisattva
Homecoming Convocation at noon. Sect. 01 (noon) students can attend 2pm lecture
|WC, chap. 7 Rome and Its Empire
|WC, chap. 9 The Spread of Civilizations and the Movement of Peoples
|Columbus Day (not a holiday)
Midsemester D/F Grades Due by Noon
WC, chap. 10 The End of the Classical Era:World History in Transition, 200–700 C.E.
|WC, chap. 11 The First Global Civilization: The Rise and Spread of Islam
|Reading Homework: Quran: Surahs 1 and 2
|WC, chap. 12 Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia
|Last day to apply for December graduation
WC, chap. 13 African Civilizations and the Spread of Islam
|WC, chap. 14 Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe
|Last day to drop single course.
Early Enrollment for Spring begins
WC, chap. 15 A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe
|Reading Homework: Magna Carta
|WC, chap. 8 The Peoples and Civilizations of the Americas WC, chap. 16 The Americas on the Eve of Invasion
|WC, chap. 17 Reunification and Renaissance in Chinese Civilization: The Era of the Tang and Song Dynasties
|WC, chap. 18 The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
|WC, chap. 19 The Last Great Nomadic Challenges: From Chinggis Khan to Timur
|WC, chap. 20 The World in 1450: Changing Balance ofWorld Power
|Homework: Renaissance Art
|Last day to withdraw from entire term.
Last Day of instruction
|Final Exam Essays Due at Noon